THE PORTRAITURE OF STOCKHOLM SYNDROME: CULTURAL DISLOCATION IN PHILLIS WHEATLEY’S POETRY COLLECTION AND SELECTED AFRICAN AMERICAN TEXTS
Vol.4, Issue 1, 2018, pp.41-60 Full text
DOI https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.18.1.4 ☍
Author: Emmanuel Adeniyi
Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
One of the tropes that have often been glossed over in African American literature is the concept of Stockholm Syndrome. The syndrome emphasises irrationality and abnormal psychological or mental disposition of Stockholm Syndrome sufferers towards individuals responsible for their pitiable conditions. This article examines the conception and its nexus with slavery and the use of religion (Christianity) as an ideological tool for the indoctrination or brainwashing of African slaves and their descendants in the United States of America. I argue that the syndrome, though conceived as a correlate of Freudian ego-defence mechanism, operates like a psychedelic or hallucinogenic drug which, according to Karl Marx, dulls the reasoning capacity and cerebration of the sufferers and prevents them from thinking rationally. Besides, it alters their perception of reality forcing them to accept abnormality as normality in a bid to create an escapist route for their fears, hurt feelings and pent-up wounds.
Keywords: Stockholm Syndrome, African American literature, Phillis Wheatley, Transatlantic slavery, Ego-Defence Mechanism
Received: 20 March 2018;
Reviewed: 9 April 2018;
Accepted: 20 June 2018;
Published: 30 June 2018
Adeniyi, E. (2018). The Portraiture of Stockholm Syndrome: Cultural Dislocation in Phillis Wheatley’s Poetry Collection and Selected African American Texts. English Studies at NBU, 4(1), 41-60. https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.18.1.4 ☍
Copyright © 2018 Emmanuel Adeniyi
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