THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR AS A SOCIAL REVOLUTION: THE ENLIGHTENMENT, PROVIDENTIAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND CHANGES IN MORAL PERCEPTION
Web of Science: 000449158700007
Tadd Graham Fernée https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4364-3463
New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria
This article analyses Enlightenment ideas and nation-making practices in the American Civil War and pre-War civil societies. It analyses African American mobilization and the abolitionist movement, and Lincoln's role in war, reconciliation and development. The international context is investigated in a case for relational nation making. The role of non-violent mobilization is assessed. It examines the war's social revolutionary implications. The war's unprecedented violence anticipated 20th century total war, fundamentally deciding the republic's future. State/civil society interactions, and changes in public moral perception, reshape longstanding institutional arrangements, and decide core ethical issues including the meaning of humanity.
Keywords: American Civil War, Enlightenment, slavery, mass movements, revolution, globalization, modernization, religion
Submitted: 13 October 2014;
Accepted: 31 January 2015;
Published: 1 February 2015
Fernée, T. G. (2015). The American Civil War as a social revolution: The Enlightenment, providental consciousness and changes in moral perception. English Studies at NBU, 1(1), 80-96. https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.15.1.7
Copyright © 2015 Tadd Graham Fernée
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