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Vol.7, Issue 1, 2021, pp. 37-50 Full text

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Web of Science: 000658797400004

Murat Kabak

Department of English Language and Literature, Istanbul Kültür University, Istanbul, Turkey

While there are major works tracing the themes of belonging and longing for home in contemporary fiction, there is no current study adequately addressing the connection between dystopian novel and nostalgia. This paper aims to illustrate how the Canadian writer Margaret Atwood uses nostalgia as a framework to level a critique against technological utopianism in her dystopian novel Oryx and Crake (2003). The first novel in Atwood's "MaddAddam Trilogy" problematizes utopian thought by focusing on the tension between two utopian projects: the elimination of all suffering and the perfection of human beings by discarding their weaknesses. Despite the claims of scientific objectivity and environmentalism, the novel exposes the religious and human-centered origins of Crake's technological utopian project. Atwood's Oryx and Crake is an ambiguous work of science fiction that combines utopian and dystopian elements into its narrative to criticize utopian thought.

Keywords: Dystopian fiction, Margaret Atwood, nostalgia, Oryx and Crake, technological utopianism

Article history:
Submitted: 24 August 2020;
Reviewed: 11 January 2021;
Revised: 2 February 2021;
Accepted: 3 February 2021;
Published: 1 June 2021

Citation (APA):
Kabak, M. (2021). Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake as a Critique of Technological Utopianism. English Studies at NBU, 7(1), 37-50.

Copyright © 2021 Murat Kabak

This open access article is published and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. If you want to use the work commercially, you must first get the authors' permission.

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1. Reviewer's name: Undisclosed
Review Content: Undisclosed
Review Verified on Publons

2. Reviewer's name: Undisclosed
Review Content: Undisclosed
Review Verified on Publons

Handling Editor: Stan Bogdanov
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