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A TRANSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF PREFACES WRITTEN FOR MODERNIST NOVEL (RE)TRANSLATIONS: UNDERSTANDING PARATEXTS AS A TOOL OF RECONTEXTUALIZATION

Vol.9, Issue 1, 2023, pp. 81-106 Full text

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.23.1.5
Web of Science: 001021117300005

Authors:
1 Neslihan Kansu-Yetkiner https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8703-2069
2 Ilgın Aktener https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9166-1362
3 Nazlıgül Bozok https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2214-0963
4 Pınar Danış https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2450-8154
5 Aslı Melike Soylu https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4946-889X
6 Aysu Uslu Korkmaz https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5050-9882

Affiliation:
1, 2, 3, 5 İzmir University of Economics, Izmir, Türkiye 04hjr4202
4 Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Türkiye 00dbd8b73
6 İstanbul Beykent University, Istanbul, Türkiye 03dcvf827

Abstract
This study focuses on paratexts as recontextualization tools, specifically prefaces written for (re)translations, and problematizes Turkish (re)translations of modernist novels written in English, which, for reasons of morality, encountered legal difficulties, and were stigmatized, banned, or confiscated in the source culture. Recontextualization resonates with (re)producing ideologies, exposing various agents' deliberate power positions in determining discourse structures within the more general framework of Critical Discourse Analysis. Against this backdrop, this study, which is part of a larger project, has a twofold purpose: a) to evaluate 15 prefaces extracted from (re)translations of 10 modernist novels as a tool for recontextualization; and b) to investigate the preface discourse regarding the transfer of modernist novels into the target culture through the lens of transitivity analysis, based on Halliday's Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) model. SFL proposes that the main system by which experiential meaning is associated with process choices within the framework of ideational meta-function is transitivity; transitivity analysis is therefore applied to the prefaces to unveil the relationships established between the processes and the actors. The analysis of findings revealed that recontextualization was functionalized to create an explicit, rather than an implicit discourse structure through the intensive use of material processes. It concludes that prefaces written to (re)translations in Turkish context, as liminal devices between the fictitious and real worlds, are clearly instrumentalized to position the key players in the adaptation, promotion, and representation of these books within their new cultural context, and thus, were designed to influence the discourse surrounding the transfer of modernist novels into the target culture.

Keywords: Paratexts, Transitivity, Recontextualization, Retranslations, Modernist
Literature


Article history:
Submitted: 06 April 2023
Reviewed: 04 May 2023
Accepted: 11 May 2023
Published: 20 June 2023

Citation (APA):
Kansu-Yetkiner, N., Aktener, I., Bozok, N., Danış, P., Soylu, A. M., Uslu Korkmaz, A. (2023). A Transitivity Analysis of Prefaces Written for Modernist Novel (Re)Translations: Understanding Paratexts as a Tool of Recontextualization. English Studies at NBU, 9(1), 81-106. https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.23.1.5

Copyright © 2023 Neslihan Kansu-Yetkiner, Ilgın Aktener, Nazlıgül Bozok, Pınar Danış, Aslı Melike Soylu and Aysu Uslu Korkmaz

This open access article is published and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. If you want to use the work commercially, you must first get the authors' permission.

Funding: This study is a part of a 1001 Project numbered 220K032, which is funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Türkiye (TÜBİTAK).

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